In a sign of pessimism about the future that awaits humanity, University of Chicago scientists have moved the minute hand on the "Doomsday Clock" one minute closer to midnight, which was a symbolic step made towards a global catastrophe, as it became known according to the Associated Press. "Our watches are now showing five minutes to midnight" - announced at a press conference held in Washington, DC Kenneth Benedict - Editorial Director Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist. The cause of needle movement forward served a situation that has recently developed in the Middle East.
As they note, "Doomsday Clock" is a device that is in their functions more like a barometer than a chronograph. These watches were launched back in 1947godu, their original purpose was to reflect global tensions provoked a nuclear confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States.
Time closest to midnight, and then, at the beginning of world catastrophe on the clock, it was noted in 1953godu when powerful countries have discovered the ammunition type fusion, and countries such as France and Great Britain have become members of the "nuclear club." Then hands were at around "two minutes." The greatest relief to the world, as we know, had in 1991, during the fall of the Soviet Union and the signing by the heads of all the powers of the agreements referred to in the reduction of military arsenals. It was at that time the minute hand moved from midnight to 17 minutes.
With the advent of the XXI century the principle of "Doomsday Clock" has begun to include not only the worsening nuclear situation, but also the military situation in the world, as well as a strong change in the Earth’s climate and other challenges.