The structuring of matter


Photons or Z-bosons emitted in the annihilation of preons with antipreonom and bosons W-, W + boson and quanta of electromagnetic fields generated by the annihilation of non-equilibrium, are essential elements of the composite structure of quarks, leptons, and their antiparticles. Without the exchange of photons, bosons, or quanta of the field they are formed. Gluon increases the weight of the original component of the composite structure of the quark. Without the exchange of gluons, it is not a quark and antilepton.

Difference from leptons quark is that metaustoychivoy triad quark extremum feedstream M (-) is always higher than the flow (-) and (+) connected to it during the absorption of a photon. Therefore, the quark emits bosons W-, which are absorbed by quarks. In extreme value M leptons original flow (+) below the extremes of the photon assemblage point, and they emit photons field (-) are not absorbed by the leptons. Accordingly, antiquarks emit bosons W +, and antileptons field quanta (+).

The similarity between leptons and quarks in the fact that in their triads are constant replacement of dominant wave flows and, therefore, changes the location of the source of gravitational field. It disappears at the point of annihilation and appears at the assembly of the absorbed photon. When changing the quantum state of a quark or lepton, there is a significant difference in the gravitational field, which is mistakenly interpreted as a micro-particle - the neutrino or antineutrino. Variations in the field arbitrarily combined, summarized form of oscillations. Without significant effect on the electromagnetic interaction, they can cause the reorganization of the weak interaction, fixed by neutrino detectors.

Among the many baryons only neutrons and protons are stable in the stellar and atomic matter. In particle accelerators formed unstable baryons (hyperons), containing, in addition to the flavors of quarks u and d, with the flavors of quarks c, s, t, b, characterized by mass, charge, and other properties. An additional set of structures of quarks c, s, t, b are not only pions or muons, as the quarks d and u, but more massive mesons in combination with tau leptons. Baryons with heavy quarks decay rapidly, as their sustainability requires ultra-high speeds, is unattainable accelerators artificially endowed by their excess energy. To calculate the physical parameters of quarks requires accurate mathematical model of wave propagation in various structures of the baryons. Here we need new theoretical methods that take into account the fundamental principles of sustainability and variability of matter.

The principle of sustainability. Every material object is constantly exposed to the environment and is not destroyed by them, as it has a resistance mechanisms that are in response to external stimuli reproduce its structural and functional organization. It is stable in a range of environmental conditions, which is restructured. Under stable conditions, selected objects with the same type of resistance mechanisms. If the environmental conditions differ slightly, there is a divergence of objects with similar resistance mechanisms. Sustainability - it’s not static, and continuous dynamics.

The principle of variability. Expansion of stable objects changes the properties of their environment. In it there are new restructures factors causing stagnation of the previous development. Now the new environment dictates the selection criteria, which are the driving force of qualitative transition. So begins the next evolutionary step in which the selected objects with more complex resistance mechanisms. He once again leads to a qualitative transition.

The principles of sustainability and variability are the basis of the deductive method of learning, linking private properties of material objects with a common model of the world. Evolutionary theory that is based on the deductive method, simplifies the study of physical phenomena determines the dissipative nature of gravity and its role in the implementation of strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions, reveals the origin of the resistance mechanisms of microparticles and refines their classification, predicts the existence of previously unknown processes that ensure the transformation of energy in the quark-gluon plasma, and its neutron shell.

Author: Mark Katzenberg

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