In the study, the results of which will be published this month in the Protocols of the Archaeological Society, archaeologist Michael Kosmopoulos (Michael Cosmopoulos) from the University of St. Louis in Missouri shared his discovery: it was recently discovered a clay tablet that proves the existence of the earliest writing in Europe.
City Iklaina (Iklaina), located in the south-west corner of Greece, became a place of surprising discoveries. The city dates back to the Mycenaean period, 1500-100 BC. e., and in about 1400 BC. e. it was conquered by King Nestor.
Archaeologist Kosmopoulos actively engaged in excavations in the area for 11 years and have found the ruins of the evidence of the Mycenaean palace with colorful murals, walls with "tsiklopnoy" stone masonry, as well as sophisticated drainage system made of clay pipes. However, the clay tablet was his most unexpected discovery.
Plates of this kind were made, usually made of clay, which was allowed to dry in the sun, making them very fragile and easily destroyed. The tablet, which was found by archaeologists, however, was thrown into the garbage pit and burned, thus calcined clay was able to survive to the present day.
The size of the artifact, which supposedly about 3500 years old, is only 25 millimeters by 25.5 millimeters, but it shows the different characters Linear B, an ancient Greek written language consisting of 87 characters, each of which represents one syllable. It turns out that this tablet Mycenae used to record important economic affairs of the ruling party.
The researchers were able to distinguish the markings on the outside of the plate, is a verb, the value of which is related to production. The reverse side of this little tablet shows a list with numbers and names. And although it’s not the oldest written confirmation ever discovered in the world, the tablet still is the earliest example of writing found in Europe. It is believed that writing samples found in China, Egypt and Mesopotamia, dating to 3000 BC. e. Initially, the researchers suggested that such signs could be found only in the capitals of the great states or cities in the second level in the period when they were brought there for a particular purpose. Researchers hope that this discovery will help shed some light on the long-standing interest of scientists fact of how these ancient kingdoms of Greece worked.
Original: Physorg Translation: M. Potter