Scientists from the UK have created a detailed map of the ruins of the town of Dunwich, which was flooded by the sea centuries ago. Although at present the city is completely under water, as reported by the portal LiveScience, experts managed yet to identify its major attractions.
Assessing the size of the medieval Dunwich, archaeologists have found that while it was not less than London and occupied a territory of approximately 1.8 km2, which is comparable to the City of London. On a three-dimensional map of the underwater ruins of researchers found three churches: the Church of St. Nicholas and St. Catherine Church, and the Church of All Saints, and the ruins of a large building, as these seem to City Hall.
Dunwich is now a small village located in Suffolk County, despite the fact that, according to tradition, is still considered the city. The ruins of the ancient Dunwich at a depth of 3-10 meters. Exploring the ruins of the flooded city, then called the English "Atlantis" is difficult in view of poor visibility - in this area the sea water is very turbid. However, studies of the ruins are actively carried out, and scientists are trying to project "Dunwich 2008" recreate the appearance of the ancient city.
Once upon a time the city of Dunwich was a thriving port, located on the east of the country, as well as the capital of the kingdom of East Anglia. However, in its history, from 1286 went black bar: several strong hurricanes literally destroyed the city. The townspeople began to leave in frustration Dunwich. So, to the XV century it became a backwater, finally losing the previous value. The city continued to flood the sea, and all the medieval buildings to date are completely under water. The history of the town of Dunwich repeats the fate of the mythical Atlantis absorbed by the sea.
According to experts, the disappearance of the city associated with climate change, in particular, with the advent of the "little ice age" in the period from 1350 to 1850. "By the death of the medieval Dunwich - one of the most important medieval English ports has led a long process that is likely to result in the future to further losses," - said in the conclusion of English Heritage Foundation expert Peter Murphy.