IBM has created a model of 530 billion neurons and 100 trillion synapses on a supercomputer


A computer model of Almaden, presented at the Supercomputing Conference 2012 was a pivotal step to translate into reality the cognitive computer DARPA program called Systems of Neuromorphic Adaptive Plastic Scalable Electronics (SyNAPSE).

Announced in 2008, the program SyNAPSE aims to develop electronic neuromorphic (brain model) machine technology that scales down to the biological level using cognitive computing architecture with 10 in 10 degree (10 billion) neurons and 10 to 14 degrees (100 trillion) synapses - as much as the synapses in the human brain, which will create an electronic neuromorphic machine technology, biological scale. "

As reported by IBM, the new system "TrueNorth", launched at the second speed supercomputer in the world, is an important step towards achieving this goal. Supercomputer Lawrence Livermore National Lab (LBNL) Blue Gene / Q Sequoia is located in 96 racks and has in its arsenal 1,572,864 cores, 1.5 petabytes of memory, 98,304 MPI processes and 6,291,456 flow.

IBM and LBNL have reached unprecedented levels in the 2,084 billion neyrosinapticheskih nuclei containing 53h10 at 10 degrees (53 billion neurons) and 100 trillion synapses, the rate of which only about 1,542 times slower than real time.

"We have created a biologically realistic model of the complete human brain," - explained in the summary of their published work, which has become one of the six finalists for the 2012 Supercomputing Conference, selected out of a hundred applicants. "Calculations (neurons), memory (synapses) and the message (axons, dendrites), mathematically abstracted from biological detail, to achieve the goals of maximizing functionality (usability, applicability) and minimize costs (energy, space, simple)."

"Previously, we demonstrated neyrosinapticheskoe kernel and some ways of doing this," - said in a summary. "Now imagine more than 2 billion of these neyrosinapticheskih cores, divided into 77 regions of the brain with a probabilistic median intra-binding region (gray matter) and copied to the monkey brain binder inter-region (white matter)."

"It’s become the embodiment of our vision for the project DARPA SyNAPSE, united in a nanotechnology, neuroscience and supercomputers to create the foundations of a new cognitive computing architecture that will complement existing today, von Neumann machines."


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