U.S. scientists by simulation of the formation of black holes as a result of a collision in a particle accelerator have found that the energy that it requires 2.4 times less than was previously assumed. Summary of the work published in the journal Physical Review Letters presented at the American Physical Society.
Two particles were presented during the simulation in the form of two liquid bodies, the so-called "drops" that swept toward each other. Their energy immediately after the collision concentrated in two "tricks", located on both sides of the plane of contact. Then, these points appear two black holes that are instantly merged into one. From the initial collision energy of her energy was 72 percent, while the rest is gradually dissipated in the form of gravitational waves.
Until now, experiments detect the occurrence of black holes in particle collisions, and their Hawking evaporation with subsequent formation of new particles failed. The authors emphasize that the likelihood of a modern colliders tiny holes very small even if the address identified in the modeling power "relief."
Black holes - regions of space is a huge gravity. Its degree is so high that the limits of black holes can not escape even light. Nevertheless, radiation predicted Stephen Hocking, can lead to loss of energy and evaporation of black holes. It is initiated by a quantum effect of education on the border of the radius of the black hole particle-antiparticle pairs. The smaller the black hole, the quicker the evaporation. Miniature black holes arising from the collision of particles, can survive for only about 10-26 seconds.