The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) was shut down for the purpose of modernization. This process takes at least two years. The researchers are hopeful that this upgrade will allow the LHC to reach its full capacity, which was reduced after the incident, which occurred shortly after launch in 2008.
Construction of the LHC took place from 1998 to 2008. His work was intended to prove or disprove many theories of the Standard Model. One such evidence was the discovery of the Higgs boson, which was announced last year. But scientists do not intend to stop there, wanting to know more about the tiny parts that make up all matter. Particular attention will be paid to the so-called dark matter, which is still a theory, because no one has yet found a way to make it shine. Scientists are confident that the upgrading of the largest collider in the world will not only confirm the existence of dark matter, but also to provide them with the ability to directly create a sample of this mysterious substance.
The cost of this upgrade is estimated at $ 105 million. In the course of it will be replaced approximately 10,000 connections between the sections of the collider and will be added to 5000 insulation systems. In addition, as part of the modernization will be carried out over 10,000 tests to confirm the absence of leaks, and another 18,000 tests that check the correctness of the electrical system. All magnets in the system will also be tested and, if necessary, replaced. This upgrade will double the capacity of the tank.