Outbreaks of cholera in Haiti - the consequences of the January earthquake


26/10/2010

The International Rescue Committee reported that the risk of spread of infection in Haiti "very great." It has been five cases of cholera detected in Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, after the bombings of the earthquake that killed more than 200 people.

Speaker of the UN Imogen Wall (Imogen Wall) Reuters news agency reported that the cases were quickly diagnosed and isolated.

She said that people have been infected in the main zone of explosion - the Artibonite River region, and then came to the capital, where he began to develop the disease. This means, as stated by the representative of the United Nations, that the Port-au-Prince is not yet a "new focus of infection."

Earlier, Mrs. Wally said that the situation of cholera in the city, where more than a million people, survivors of the January earthquake, living in tents, was "awful."

People living in the camps are highly vulnerable to intestinal infections that are caused by bacteria entered the body through contaminated water or food.

Cholera causes diarrhea and nausea, which leads to severe dehydration and rapidly kills the person if not treated with antibiotics and rehydration.

With 2,674 registered cases of the disease, health officials were trying to prevent explosions of disease in the region of the river Artibonite and Central Plateau.

They said that increased measures to prevent disease and supervision in tent camps and provided them with a group of care for the treatment of infected people, that they did not have recourse to the capital.

Mrs. Wall added that the authorities also organized a tent hospital in Port-au-Prince, where infected patients can be treated isolated from other people.

"If we have a case of infection in Port-au-Prince, the only way to prevent the spread of infection - to isolate them" - she said, "It is clear that measures to prevent the spread of the disease in the city is the most important issue today."

Meanwhile, official sources provided information that 194 people have died of cholera in the Artibonite River region and 14 in the Central Plateau.

The most affected regions were Duin, Marchand Dessalines and areas around Saint-Marc, about 100 km north of Port-au-Prince. But a lot of cases have also been reported in Gonaives, and towns closer to the capital, including Archana, Limbe and Mirebales.

Local hospitals are overcrowded. Medical professionals say that many patients of the hospital of St. Nikolas at St. Mark forced to be on the street, in the car park in unhygienic conditions, with connected droppers.

Dr. Joni Fiker (Jhonny Fequiere) told BBC news BBC that his hospital in Marchand Dessalines also struggled with the epidemic, and that he had seen a dozen deaths. "We’re trying to take care of people, but we have a lack of drugs and additional medical observation. We are doing our best, but we need more funds to continue to take care of people" - he said.

Some patients said they became ill after drinking water from the canal, others argue that they were drinking only purified water. Artibonite river that bathes the central part of Haiti, is now considered contaminated.

Health Minister Alex Larsen, Haiti (Alex Larsen) encourages people to wash their hands with soap and water, do not eat raw vegetables, boil drinking water and avoid bathing and drinking water from the river.

In Haiti, enough antibiotics to cure the 100,000 people infected with cholera and intravenous fluids to provide treatment for 30,000 patients, according to the UN. This is the first time for most of the century, when cholera breaks out in Haiti.


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