A list of the most outstanding innovation in biology


02/12/2010

New technologies that drive the biology forward with incredible speed, were the subject of evaluation team of experts who chose the top ten most outstanding innovations.

At number one on the list compiled by the magazine The Scientist, is the so-called "third generation" sekveniratorov genes from a U.S. company Pacific Biosciences.

The unit cost of 700 thousand dollars - the first of its kind DNA analyzer that can do real-time analysis on the basis of only one molecule.

Many companies have entered into competition in the rapidly growing field of personalized genomics, which promises to bring the medicine in the future of the new generation.

The American company Sigma-Aldrich, a leading manufacturer of biochemical and organic chemicals for research, providing tailor-made cell lines for pharmaceutical companies.

"Molecular surgery in the mammalian body - it is a difficult and exhausting work", - said Neil Kelleher, an expert on the biosynthesis of Northwestern University, who was one of four judges, made up the list.

Many companies need a more finely engineered cells that can pump out proteins and special cells that replicate specific human disease, he said.

One of the products of the company iCell Cardiomyocytes are, in fact, human heart cells in vitro.

Cellular Dynamics International of Wisconsin, alters human fibroblasts - the cellular building blocks of connective tissue - the so-called pluripotent stem cells. Then, they are reprogrammed in a mixture of cells that makes up the human heart.

"It is necessary for drug development," - said the representative of the company. "Cardiac toxicity - this is a serious problem in the pharmaceutical industry and the second leading cause of reviews party pills from the market."

Another innovation was the first and only hand-held device for counting cells, made by a Massachusetts company EMD Millipore.

Streamlined instrument resembling a cross between an electronic thermometer and a syringe, sold for 2,995 dollars.

Seven out of ten companies that scored in the list are in the U.S., and the rest in Britain. The British magazine The Scientist - is one of the most popular scientific publications in the world.


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