Women with celiac disease - autoimmune disorder associated with a negative reaction to foods containing gluten - more likely to experience symptoms of depression and eating disorders compared to the rest of the population, even when they adhere to a special diet, according to the information of researchers from the Universities of Syracuse and Drexel State Pennsylvania.
People with celiac disease often complain of abdominal pain, constipation, loss of appetite, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. The disease affects approximately one in 105 people in the United States and is usually controlled by the avoidance of such products containing gluten (gluten), such as wheat, barley and rye.
"It is not uncommon to see how people who do not control the symptoms of the disease, not feeling well, and that as a result causes the breakdown and the subsequent development of depression," - said Josh Smith (Josh Smyth), a professor of behavioral health from the state of Pennsylvania.
Professor Smith and his colleagues used a range of modern methods for medical examination 177 patients with celiac disease, at the age of 18 years, assessing their physical and psychological condition. The questionnaire used for the survey allowed the researchers to find out how the respondents adhered to a strict diet that excludes foods containing gluten, as well as to evaluate the symptoms of celiac disease, namely, as the physical symptoms of the disease affect the ability of patients to cope in stressful situations and the development of clinical symptoms depression.
The research results will soon appear in the current issue of the publication Chronic Illness.
"We found that most of the participants are often followed a diet providing for the exclusion of products containing gluten, and this helped to improve energy, reduce stress, reduce the symptoms of depression and improve overall emotional health," - said Smith. "However, even those people who control the symptoms of their illness, often reported cases of high levels of stress and symptoms of depression compared with the general population." Smith said that he and his colleagues did not inspect people who do not suffer from celiac disease, and they compared their results with the results of earlier studies, which belonged to the people without celiac disease.
"We still do not know exactly in what order are interrelated celiac disease, eating disorders and depression. In the future, we plan to investigate the temporal sequence of these symptoms."
The results of the research group can make a difference for people with food allergies and Crohn’s disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, and celiac disease, according to information Smith.