As reported by researchers in an article published in Nature Biotechnology, normal skin cells have been transformed into the cells of the myelin, which leads to lack of disease multiple sclerosis.
Scientists at Stanford University have achieved this through a process called "cellular reprogramming".
In multiple sclerosis, the destruction of myelin and oligodendrocytes leads to symptoms such as loss of balance and coordination, weakness, paralysis of the arms and legs. In addition, problems may arise with bladder control, vision impairment and memory loss.
To cure this disease, you need to take control of the autoimmune response and restore the myelin layer. To do this, create a new oligodendrocytes.
Only now, scientists have developed a way to create such cells. A team of scientists managed to create oligodendrocytes from fibroblast cells. They were transplanted into the brains of animals with multiple sclerosis, where they originated myelin.