Methods of dealing with depression


17/05/2010

A recent study showed that people with severe depression were significant improvements as a result of cognitive therapy: therapists once again highlighted the fact that the way of thinking has a profound influence on human behavior.

The results indicate that therapists this area should focus, at least for the first few sessions on the use of cognitive techniques to help those who suffer from severe depression, to overcome negative thoughts and look at the events taking place in their lives more realistically.

The analysis revealed that the concentration on the change of behavior - such as planning for patients outside the home, and tracing their pastime - do not significantly affect the warning signs of depression.

"Until now, much attention was paid to the treatment of major depression by affecting the behavior of the patient, which may cause some to question the importance of cognitive methods in the treatment of this disease," said Daniel Strunk (Daniel Strunk), researcher, professor of psychology at Ohio State University.

"But our results show that the cognitive strategies used in therapy really help patients improve their condition, especially during the critical weeks."

In the experiments, participated 60 patients who had been diagnosed with depression and a higher stage, seeking treatment at two university hospitals.

All patients were under the supervision of one of the six therapists and agreed to record all sessions during the research.

Two experienced observers viewed video from the first to the fourth session of therapy. They assessed how often the therapists used cognitive and behavioral techniques and other aspects of the sessions.

In addition, patients completed a questionnaire at each session that determined their level of depression.

The researchers examined the association between specific methods used by therapists and their duration of depression scale improvements observed patients from one session to the next.

Analysis of the research was focused on the early weeks of therapy, as other studies are the results of a period marked by the greatest improvements in patients complements Strunk (Strunk).

The results showed that on a scale of depression patients had significant improvement when their therapists relied on cognitive techniques, but did not change at all when using behavioral methods.

The analysis showed that other factors also contributed to the improvement of the patients.

These improvements were also observed when they collaborated with their therapists to develop a plan and adhere to it.

Not surprisingly, the improved results have also contributed to the interest of the patients themselves to the process of treatment and the fact that they were open to suggestions of their doctors.

Dr. Strunk (Strunk) says that research is ongoing and is currently in the state of Ohio in the Research Clinic for treatment of depression.

Researchers are working with people suffering from depression to understand the nature of changes in cognitive functions and their impact on the improvement of the patients.

"We’re trying to understand if cognitive therapy leads to a profound change in people’s own views or just teaches them to develop a set of abilities that they use in real life from time to time," says Strunk (Strunk).

The professor adds that, in spite of the fact that in recent years have increasingly focused on behavioral techniques in the treatment of depression, cognitive techniques are more powerful.

"In our example, cognitive therapy proved that its methods can help reduce the risk of symptoms of depression, which is unlikely when using behavioral methods" - he says. The popular news portal talk about what’s going on in the world.

Original: Physorg.com translated by M. Potter


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