National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has received high-quality images of the moon’s south pole, the same place where the building is supposed landing site for future lunar missions.
Scientists now know that the south pole of the moon as there are mountain peaks, with a peak height of Mount McKinley (Mt.McKinley, peak in the Alaska Range, the highest in North America (6193 m)) and craters four times deeper than the Grand Canyon (Grand Canyon - the world’s largest canyon depth of about 1600 m and a length of 320 km. in the middle reaches of the Colorado River cutting through the Colorado Plateau in Arizona.)
According to Doug Cook (Doug Cooke) from the headquarters of NASA, the data will be invaluable in planning future lunar missions.
You can watch a short video clip in which the visible landscape of the moon shadows, changing during the full moon day.
New Images were obtained by ground-based telescope Goldstone Solar System Radar, located in the Mojave Desert, California. Three times during 2006, scientists have imposed 70-meter dish telescope to the south pole of the moon. The antenna, three-quarters the size of a football field, sent a 500-kilowatt beam for 90 minutes over a distance of 373 thousand kilometers, covering rough lunar landscapes of an area of about 643 by 402 kilometers. The reflected signal was trapped by two ground-based 34-meter antennas. Since then, the data were analyzed, and only this week for the first time NASA has presented the world their discovery.
In this video you can see the video would look like landing a spacecraft on the moon by astronaut control module.
NASA has long seriously thinking of creating lunar outpost on the south pole of the moon. The selected site has a number of advantages. First, there is reason to believe that in the depths of the craters pole there is water in frozen form. It could be split into oxygen for breathing and hydrogen for fueling rocket motors, as well as astronauts moglli it would just drink and use in everyday life. Second, there are probably some mountain peaks, where there is always sunshine that could be used for the construction of solar power plants.
In previous years, land-based radars were doing similar work on mapping the lunar surface. In 1997 he managed to get pictures with the 75-m resolution in 2005 by the giant Arecibo radar in Puerto Rico and the Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia improved resolution of up to 20 meters.
But all these achievements will fade when compared with photographs Space Telescope Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, scheduled to launch in late 2008. The camera can take pictures of the apparatus of the lunar surface with a resolution of one meter.