You have decided to take part in a mission to Mars in the same direction, with the chance to watch the sunrise on the extinct volcano of Mars "Olympus" or walk through a valley Vastitas Borealis?
This question leads to stand still for a moment even Dirk Schulze-Makucha, an associate professor at Washington State University, who, together with his colleague Paul Davies, a physicist and cosmologist at Arizona State University, puts forward the idea of organizing a mission to Mars in the same direction, the article published in "Journal of Cosmology."
In the article entitled: "The brave way: irrevocable journey to Mars," the authors write that the journey to Mars and back, although technically possible, but not likely to be achieved in the near future, mostly because of its excessive cost of living, as On the financial side, and in terms of the required political will. And since the lion’s share of the cost falls on the safe return of the team and the spacecraft to Earth, they came to the conclusion that manned mission to Mars in the same direction, not just in a few times to reduce costs, but also mark the beginning of a long-term colonization of the planet’s people.
The authors claim that Mars is the most promising in terms of creating a sustainable and further development of the colony, the planet, since it is very similar to the Earth and that it is critical that a moderate gravity, atmosphere, large quantities of water and carbon dioxide, as well as a number of necessary minerals. This is the second closest planetary neighbor (after Venus). Delivery to Mars will take six months, with the most favorable conditions for starting and modern rocketry.
The authors propose to periodically send a parcel to the settlers with the necessary from the earth, until they learn to extract and use the resources available on Mars. Over time, the outpost will reach the stage of self-sufficiency, and can serve as a transit point of a broader program of colonization.
The project will start with the selection of a suitable site for the colony, preferably near the cave or some other natural shelter, as well as other necessary resources, such as water, minerals and nutrients.
The authors note that in addition to a "lifeboat" in the event of a global catastrophe on Earth colony on Mars will provide a platform for further research. Cosmobiology agree that there is a very tangible possibility that Mars is inhabited, or once lived, the microscopic life may have survived deep under the surface. Davies and Schulze-Makuch say that the Mars Science Laboratory will provide a unique opportunity to study an alien life-forms and the process of evolution beyond the Earth.
"Mars also provides a rich set of geological and astronomical information, which is almost impossible to get off the ground with the help of computer probes" - the authors wrote. "The constant presence of people on Mars would open new opportunities for comparative planetary in scale that never dreamed of in the past. Base on Mars becomes a springboard for exploring human-robot space outside our solar system and the asteroid belt. Permanent multicultural and multinational human presence on the another planet, will have significant political and social consequences for the entire Earth, unite and strengthen all of humanity. "
Although they believe that the mission to colonize Mars by sending astronauts to one side, we are quite capable of technologically and financially, Schulze-Makuch and Davies acknowledge that this will require the cooperation of the developed countries and to take the risk, as well as wrought great explorers of the past.
They write that when discussing the idea of colonizing Mars with his colleagues, many have expressed a desire to volunteer.
"Informal surveys conducted after lectures and presentations devoted to our proposal, have repeatedly shown that many people are willing to take part in this mission, as a purely scientific interest and love of adventure, and in the name of the destiny of mankind" - they wrote.
Schulze-Makuch, shared that he himself does not go away in a "courageous journey" with no chance of returning to the Red Planet. Interesting science and technology news only on pages of our portal.