Telescope "Hubble" discovered the most distant object in the universe


28/01/2011

Astronomers have used the space telescope "Hubble" at the limit of its capabilities to detect the most distant object in the universe that we have ever seen. The light from the object held in the path of 13.2 billion years to 150 million years longer than the previous record holder. The age of the universe about 13.7 billion years old.

A small, dim object - is a compact galaxy of blue stars that have emerged over 480 million years after the Big Bang. More than 100 such mini-galaxies would need to create our own Milky Way. A new study yielded unexpected evidence that the rate of star birth in the early universe has been growing very rapidly, an increase of about 10 times in the interval between 480 and 650 million years after the Big Bang.

Astronomers do not know the exact time of the formation of the first stars in the universe, but the further they move away from the Earth, the closest approach to the days when stars and galaxies were just beginning to emerge into the light after the Big Bang.

The discovery was made using the "Wide Field Camera 3" in just a few months after it was installed in May 2009 as part of the last flight of NASA’s on-orbit servicing. After a year of detailed observations and analysis, the object was finally identified on infrared images taken in 2009 and 2010.

The object appears as a faint point of light in the Hubble images. He is still too young and small to have the familiar spiral shape. Although not visible in the image of individual stars, the data indicate that this is a compact galaxy of hot stars that have formed from the pocket of dark matter 100-200 million years ago.


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