The space station, which cost NASA $ 1.1 billion, was launched from Florida and went to Jupiter, marking the beginning of a new era of space exploration for the U.S. space agency. This pioneering spacecraft was launched from the launch pad at sea U.S. Air Force base at Cape Canaveral, using the most powerful rocket ever built, Atlas 5, leaving behind a trail of smoke and fire. Thus began a six-year odyssey of the space shuttle, which is to overcome the 2.7 million kilometers.
Juno was the second of five unmanned vehicles that will be launched to explore our solar system and will restore the reputation of NASA after the closure of the shuttle program, which was the only way the Americans to deliver astronauts into space. At least for the next five years, NASA will use Russian delivery vehicles.
"It is a reminder, and, moreover, very bright that NASA still has weight and is the leading global organization in the field of space research," - said the head of NASA, Charlie Bolden.
This launch was preparing for 10 years, and in its preparation attended by scientists and engineers from more than 20 organizations in the U.S. and Europe.
Juno will give the most detailed information and the most clear pictures of so-called King of Planets, the giant gas ball is so big that it can fit 1,200 such planets like Earth. Astrophysicists believe that learning about the structure and apparatus of Jupiter, the earliest and the largest planet in our solar system, they will be able to answer such burning questions as the history of the universe more than 4.5 billion years ago, as well as how, when and why life began on Earth.
During the next five years, this drone will make a big loop, getting to Mars and returning back to Earth in 2013 to run itself in the direction of Jupiter as a slingshot using gravity of the planet. The only source of power will be solar energy, which will make it the record for the flight range of the spacecraft taking energy solely from the sun. As you approach to Jupiter, Juno will become effective on the huge magnetic field of the planet, which stretches for 4 million miles and 20,000 times stronger than Earth’s. Flying at a speed of 71 kilometers per second, it will be the fastest man made object.
This device, the size of 3.5 meters, will approach to Jupiter as never close, at the closest point approached him at a distance of 5000 kilometers above the clouds, and uses a set of nine of his arsenal of instruments to look inside.
If Jupiter was the size of a basketball, the distance approach would be equivalent to 0.8 centimeters.
The unit is named in honor of the goddess Juno, who, according to Roman mythology, could look beyond the clouds and see what her husband Jupiter, the father of the gods, drew around him.