Russian rocket was first launched from Europe’s spaceport in South America on October 21. It takes into orbit two satellites that will be part of the future European satellite navigation systems such as GPS.
Launch was originally scheduled for October 20, but during the refueling problem was noticed. Operators had to suspend the launch by 24 hours until the problem was solved.
This successful launch marks an important milestone in the field of space flight, marking the first of many launches of Soyuz from Baikonur in South America.
Today’s launch was the 1777th in the glorious and long history of the Union and the first that has been made outside the former Soviet Union. Until then, Soyuz rocket launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan and Russia in the north Plesetska.
Arianespace, knowing the reputation of a reliable system, which is confirmed by many years of service, want to cooperate with Russia. Russian and European officials signed a contract in 2003, which indicated that the robust missile was to be launched from Europe’s Spaceport in French Guiana.
Launch pad area of 120 acres and $ 500 million was set up in the middle of the jungle, near the city of Kourou.
Launch deliver two first satellite navigation system Galileo, placing them on a circular orbit at an altitude of 23,222 miles above the Earth.
Another two Galileo satellites will be delivered into orbit in the next year, and over the next decade will be delivered to many more satellites. Ultimately, it is planned to put into orbit 30 satellites.
Galileo will be the super-fine European version of the American GPS and Russian Glonass. At the time, the accuracy of GPS is 3 meters, the accuracy of the coordinates of Galileo will be brought up to 1 meter
Galileo will be operational in 2014 and will become fully operational by 2020.