Australian scientists have developed a new biosphere, which in the future will help astronauts to colonize the moon and Mars. Self-sufficiency of this development is 90-95% and can save many millions of dollars on shipping caterer.
In addition to the colonization of the planets, the new technologies used in the development of the biosphere, and can be used on Earth for the improvement of technology in agriculture and improve the quality of recyclable materials for reuse.
Already developed some of the reduction of water and air, and they are used on the ISS, but the new Biosphere combines the most advanced technology and expertise needed for the construction of such facilities.
This project is something like a failed experiment with the biosphere, built in Arizona (USA) in the late 1980s. Arizona Biosphere is a closed ecosystem of the area of 12,000 square meters, which created a mini ocean with coral reefs, grasslands, desert, tropical forest and agricultural land. Eight people survived in the biosphere over the past two years, but the lack of food and low levels of oxygen experiment was doomed to failure.
The project, dubbed Luna Gaia, developed by scientists from thirty different countries. The system enables closed-loop recycle and reuse materials, requiring minimal raw material revenues from external sources. In complete isolation in the biosphere will be 12 people for 3 years.
Yields in space
The development team has created a system that includes all the parts necessary for life. Luna Gaia concept combines the leading developments in the field of recycling. In the biosphere will be built a special aquarium, where special bacteria will clean the water and produce edible material from waste.
But the highlight of the biosphere are algae, which do not require pollination and are able to produce oxygen from carbon dioxide during photosynthesis.
In addition to canned blanks, the astronauts will grow peanuts, lettuce, tomatoes, carrots and wheat. Some species of algae such as spirulina or chlorella, will give the necessary supply of vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
So, the diet is largely vegetarian, but protein foods will be present in the menu astronauts: on a small farm will be grown fast-growing fish tilapia. And yet, sometimes the astronauts will be able to treat yourself vkusnenkim of stocks fruit salads, spices and chocolate. Popular news articles of science and technology only on our website.