Renowned expert on natural satellite of the Earth, Paul Spudis of the Institute for the Study of the Moon and the planets of the solar system (Lunar and Planetary Institute) together with Tony Lavoie of Space Flight Center. Marshall has developed a plan to establish a lunar settlement, which is not only affordable cost, but does not require the support of the existence of Earth, then there will be no need to supply additional resources.
Spudis proposes to send robots to the moon with a remote control to start the extraction of water lying over the poles.
"This is probably due to the fact that the moon is so close - just three seconds the light will go off on a radio signal to reach from the Earth to the moon and back" - said Spudis. "This means that you can remotely control equipment from Earth, making no less than able astronaut on the moon."
Dividing water into oxygen and hydrogen and freezing them to the liquid state, can apply the material to create a strong chemical propellant.
The plan provided for 17 consecutive missions, during which will be created and populated by people functional lunar base. Will initially be installed communication and navigation satellites to provide the possibility of making robots precise operations.
Then the moon will be sent rover, which is to determine the most promising places for water extraction from lunar poles. Pole also allows generating electric current from sunlight, due to constant sunlight.
It will be sent to more heavy equipment for experiments, production of ice, melting it and storing it.
Planned gradual expansion of the scope of work as sending larger and larger robots, which sooner or later will make production on an industrial scale, so that on the arrival of the first humans, they have not experienced a lack of resources.
"According to our estimates, we will be able to create a lunar base for 15 or 16 years, with the first people to arrive there in 10 years after the start of work" - said Spudis. "We will be able to produce about 150 tons of water per year and about 100 tons of rocket fuel."
He notes that the implementation of this plan in life does not require the development of some new technologies. "You can use the equipment left over from previous missions."
According to their calculations, the price of the project, in total, will be $ 88 billion, or about $ 5 billion a year.