China plans next year to send a woman into space as part of a program involving the construction of a space station by 2020, reported on Monday the news agency Xinhua.
The announcement follows after Chinese authorities said early Tuesday morning country intends to run an automated spacecraft Shenzhou VIII, which is to make the country’s first space docking with the module, which was launched early in Earth orbit.
The experimental docking is the stage of preparatory work before the creation of the first near-Earth space station in 2020, where astronauts can live for several months, just as it was possible for the International Space Station or the former Russian space station "Mir".
If all goes well, China has launched another two spacecraft next year to conduct additional experiments, the number of docking spacecraft. Among all these spacecraft, at least one will be manually operated, and managed to be specially prepared for this mission astronauts, among whom there are two women. If they are selected for this mission, it will become China’s first female that is sent into space.
It is worth noting that China has started its program to launch a spacecraft with manual control in 1990 after buying Russian technology and in 2003 became the third country to send people into space, after the former Soviet Union and the United States.
Shenzhou VIII launched from the Gobi Desert in north-western China at 5:58 am Tuesday (21:58 GMT Monday) and now, perhaps for several days, try to dock with the Tiangong-1 module, or "Heavenly Space" . The representative of the launcher spacecraft manually operated reported that the data to be collected, it is very important to the success of future missions.
"Although the spacecraft Shenzhou VIII is automatic, we equipped it with devices recording real images and mechanical parameters during the flight, which is necessary for future missions to be carried out on vehicles with manual control" - said Wu Ping. China is considering this ambitious space program as a symbol of increasing its global growth.
September 29 during the startup of Tiangong-1 before the Day of the founding of the People’s Republic, which is celebrated in China on October 1st - attended by Prime Minister Wen Jiabao, while the president Hugh Jintao watched the scene from the Mission Control Centre in Beyzhinge.
It’s kind of a game of "catch-up" in the arena of outer space as a planned space docking mimics what the Americans and the Russian managed to achieve even v1960’s. Xinhua News Agency reported that the docking technology is crucial to the successful completion of an ambitious project in China, providing for the construction of the space station.
Improved technologies docking "will allow China to perform a variety of large-scale space exploration", as noted by Zou Jianping (Zhou Jianping), the main developer of the program space launch vehicles with manual control.
Original: Physorg Translation: M. Potter