The new trend of commercial development of space, which could lead to the beginning of large-scale space expansion in the coming decades.
In contrast to most of the known long-term projects, such as a space elevator, or extraction of helium - 3 on the moon, the author of "alternative development scenarios space industry" did not rely mainly on new technologies and new methods of coordination.
The main obstacles on the way to the "space expansion" are considered high cost of space technology and the lack of cost-effective activities that could justify the cost of major space projects. Known promising concept space industrialization, such as the space elevator, mining fusion of radioactive materials on the moon, require inaccessible at present technology and the extremely high costs. The only realized a new direction of economic activity in space, "Space tourism" has a rather dubious efficacy, and is not an industrial activity, it is the service sector, respectively, "Tourist Astronautics" rather auxiliary direction than the ground.
Space industrial grouping.
The concept of commercial, industrial space development, the proposed "Nicholas Agapovs" is a number of interrelated projects of commercial space station, new transport systems and the resource base on the moon, constituting a single "industrial space group", designed for satellite servicing. Satellite fleet, already an established and successfully growing segment of the commercial space industrialization, therefore the industry designed for satellite service serves as a superstructure over existing space industry and logical direction for its further development. Calculation for the satellite service industry, makes this scenario more familiar to the industrialization of investors. Besides the implementation of the concept involves the use of available technologies and incremental development, which makes it relatively little expensive.
Major projects included in the "Scenario Development":
The orbit through the "Spaceport".
This project consists of removal of lightweight, low-cost carrier - "Pony" with simplified motors and control systems. And the space station, which plays the role of space transport terminal - "Spaceport" and an assembly platform for the installation of satellite Pony light output of standardized modules. Unlike most promising launchers, designed for reusability, the system "Pony - Spaceport", is designed to limit the cost of reducing disposable rockets and create a permanent cargo flow from earth to orbit. Moreover, the service traffic creates a confident niche market for commercialization of manned space flight. Plastic tanks are disposable upper stages Pony on the space station should be processed into organic fuel, which increases the profitability of the rocket and creates the preconditions for the start of production activity in the orbital stations. Aid excretion is the "Cannon start," ultra-light vehicles, designed for delivery to the spaceport rocket fuel and basic materials that are not afraid of overloading, unlike the delicate parts of satellites. Orbital cargo fleet.
The primary means of motion in orbit should be the "reusable orbital tug" with a cost-effective "plasma electric propulsion." Unlike modern missile orbital stages - "the upper stage" that are used only to derive operational orbit satellites. Orbital tugs can deliver satellites into orbit at low cost, to move them to the space station for maintenance and repair and install permanent links with the orbit of the moon, and eventually Mars and asteroids. Orbital tugs will make a kind of "Space Cargo Fleet" doing any activity in space is much simpler and cheaper.
Continuation of the article: Part Two and Part Three
Author: Nicholas Agapov