Beginning of the universe is a process similar to the transformation of water into ice, not the Big Bang. So says a team of theoretical physicists from the University of Melbourne and RMIT University.
They suggested that the study common to all crystals (including ice) crevices and cracks, could revolutionize our understanding of the nature of the universe.
Lead researcher of the project, James Kuech told about the latest theory in a long list of human attempts to understand the origin and nature of the universe.
"The ancient Greek philosophers speculated about what makes up matter. Has it been a continuous substance or consists of individual atoms?" - He said. "With the help of a very powerful microscopes, we now know that matter is made of atoms."
"Through thousands of years, Albert Einstein proposed that space and time are a continuum and for continuous, but we believe that at a very small scale, this assumption is not true."
"A new theory, known as Quantum graphite, is that space is composed of indivisible building blocks, like tiny atoms. These indivisible blocks can be compared with the pixels that make up an image on the screen. Difficulty lies in the fact that these building blocks of space are very small , so they can not be seen directly. "
But James Kuech and his colleagues believe they have developed a way to detect indirect evidence of their existence.
"Imagine the early universe in the form of a liquid," - he said. "Then, as the universe cools, it" crystallizes "in the three spatial and one time dimension that we see today. If this theory is correct, then in process of cooling of the universe, we can expect the formation of cracks, like cracks formed during the cooling of the water in the ice . "
As the Associate Professor Andrew Greentree from RMIT University, some of these defects may be visible.
"Light and other particles will be bent or reflected at a meeting with such defects, so in theory, we can detect these properties," - he said.
The team made the calculations of these properties, and if their predictions are confirmed experimentally, the question of whether the space is homogeneous or composed of tiny indivisible parts will be solved once and for all.
The study was conducted by means of Australian Research Council and published in the journal Physical Review D.