The black hole at the center of the galaxy, "eat" gas cloud in 7 years


24/10/2012

According to scientists formed at the center of our galaxy, the black hole will eat near her cloud of gas by September next year, and this process will last for about 7 years, informs the Astrophysical Journal.

In 2011, astronomers of the Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics of the Max Planck Society, led by Reinhard Genzel found a cloud of hot gas of average size, with rapid speed which is sent to a giant black hole Sgr A *, located in our zvednoy system. Some scholars suggest that the cloud is nothing but a kind of faint stars, while the other part refute this hypothesis.

A team of astronomers led by Peter Anninosa National Laboratory behalf Lorensapod (Livermore, USA) has put forward some suggestions on the future of the cloud by constructing a three-dimensional model of the trajectory of movement of the cloud to the black hole.

Researchers have constructed a three-dimensional model of Cosmos + +, similar to a black hole, the addition of the same accumulation of gas, like a cloud of G2, making it the most similar.

According to scientists, these models require a lot more resources needed to compute than the simple two-dimensional model. But the three-dimensional models can observe the events more accurately.

Constructed models have confirmed scientists speculate that the cloud will be divided into pieces and eaten by a black hole by September 2013. Since July 2013, the cloud will break up into fragments passing under the influence of instability in the structure provoked by the tidal forces of the hole.

It suggests that the cloud will be swallowed by the black hole, and the main will be ejected into the space surrounding the hole, which it will "relish" for the next seven years.

According to astrologers, "devouring" of the cloud will provide a more pronounced black hole brightness, making it more accessible to modern astronomical instruments. This will help scientists to confirm the correctness of the predictions of all the Cosmos + +, as well as other models of this kind, which describe the behavior of matter near the supermassive black holes.

News prepared by: A. CHirkova


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