As representatives of the Russian Space Agency on Sunday, most of the animals died during their stay in space.
Bion-M capsule flew into space and back, carrying on board the 45 mice, 15 newts, snails, lizards, plants, flora, and eight hamsters. This experiment was generated in order to verify effects of gravity and other elements spaceflight the cell structure.
As the officials said, most of the animals did not survive the stress caused by equipment malfunctions. Surviving animals were sent to the lab for tests.
It remains unclear what conclusions will be drawn from this experiment the scientists who carried out at an altitude of 570 kilometers above the Earth. The main attention was paid to the influence of microgravity on the skeletal and muscular systems, as well as muscle and heart of these animals. As previous experiments on the International Space Station (ISS), some animals can survive a space flight.
This unique mission was one of the most complex experiments Russian scientists, which was not produced before any other country. It lasted a month, far exceeding the previous mission duration of 12 days, the mice produced in 2007.
Roskosmos intends to send a rover and take samples of the soil of the Red Planet in 2016 and 2018. In addition, Russia has announced plans to establish a lunar base in 2030, which has the potential to become a launching pad for future missions to Mars.
Although the animals did not survive, the spacecraft successfully landed in the Orenburg region with a special parachute system.