Discovered black holes with ultrafast rotation


11/01/2008

Space observatory Chandra (Chandra X-ray Observatory, NASA) recently provided the most significant evidence that many supermassive black holes are rotating at high speed. Vortex rotation of these giant black holes produce powerful jets (jets), generating an enormous amount of energy around him, rendering, so the influence on the growth of galaxies.

The team conducted a comparison of the leading theories of jets rotating supermassive black holes with data observatory Chandra. The study of nine black holes that have a strong impact on the surrounding space of the body showed that the central black holes in galaxies is likely to rotate at a speed close to the theoretical maximum.

Scientists believe that these black holes are spinning at a speed close to the restriction on the theory of relativity, which means that these black holes are tightened a space materials at speeds close to the speed of light.

This finding confirms the results of the theories of stellar super-fast speed and super-massive black holes obtained by other indirect means.

According to Einstein’s theory, a rapidly rotating black hole makes space revolve around him. This effect together with a gas rotating around the black hole can produce highly twisted magnetic poles, which emits a large amount of gas in the direction from a black hole as a strong high-speed jet (jet).

Computer simulations performed by other scientists suggests that the acceleration of the rotation of black holes occurs during the connection of galaxies, when in the vicinity of black holes, the amount of gas increases manifold. Experts believe that the super-fast rotation of bigger black holes, and that the latest data from the Chandra Observatory will help to explain the origin of the source of incredible jets jets, extending an astonishingly long distances across the cosmos.

An important feature of the large jet black holes is that they contain a large amount of energy that heats the gas around them. Powerful jets of heated by the energy of the gas does not cool down, which affects the rate of formation of new stars, thus reducing the size of the galaxy’s center.

Understanding the relationship of supermassive black holes and the formation of the largest galaxies to this day remains an important goal of astrophysicists. Today’s news widgets to help you follow the course of the global economy.

Original: Sciencedaily.com


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