A team of 86 scientists from around the world, was the first to calculate the genetic code of Golden Delicious apple varieties (Golden Delicious).
Genetic breakthrough will create a new, improved apples that are more resistant to disease.
As of today - it is the largest genome decoded by scientists. Above it worked, scientists from 20 institutions in two years.
The discovery was published in the journal Nature Genetics.
Competitive advantage: Professor Ricardo Velasco Edmund Mach Foundation in Italy, who led the research team, said that the calculation of the genome "can have a huge impact on the applied plant breeding."
"This breakthrough will help us develop better varieties, and bring to market new types of apples," - he said.
Kate Evans from Washington State University, said that this study will help create "a highly durable products."
Scientists hope that they will be able to improve the popular variety of Golden Delicious apples, which originates from the state of West Virginia in the United States. This will give, more than one hundred years this variety, better taste and appearance.
Scientists were able to also install the pedigree of this kind. Wild ancestor of the domestic fruit, called Malus sieversii, originally grew up in the mountains of southern Kazakhstan. To date, there are more than 7,500 varieties of apples.
Scientists have discovered that the huge size of the apple genome, due to the fact that he accidentally duplicated at some point in their long evolutionary history.
A large number of genes can give plants a competitive advantage by providing a larger set of built-in protective measures in case of illness.