A new species of lemur found in Madagascar


14/12/2010

The researchers reported the news agencies on December 13 at the opening of a new species of lemur Madagascar with a long tongue and the size of a squirrel.

New creation is not attributed to any kind of name, but I do know one thing, that it belongs to the genus to genus or Phaner vilchatopolosyh lemurs. This name these lemurs were due to the black lines in the form of Y, which starts above each eye and connects to the top of the head. This kind of animal with a long tongue has the unique ability to quickly move the head to the side, so the discoverers had to look into the treetops to see animals hiding there from the intensity of the lanterns.

The president of Conservation International and an expert on primates Russ Mittermeier (Russ Mittermeier) first discovered the new lemur in 1995 during an expedition to the north-western region of Madagascar. He knew that his discovery was an unknown species, but he could not prove it without documentary evidence until October 2010, when he led the scientists and crew agency BBC BBC in this area.

The group was ready for action after sunset, when the lemurs Phaner most audible. Soon he heard a call sign of the animal, who was close to camp on top of the tree. Lemur Phaner was difficult to catch because he was moving so fast on the tops of the trees that the whole group had to run around the dense forest, following the sounds of lemurs. In the end, they saw an animal in the light of the torch, but waited until they come to an open area to accurately fire a rifle trankvilizatorskoy. As soon as the "boom" has reached its goal, one of the hunters quickly climbed a tree to take the animal.

Adult lemur, male, being sedated was detailed but carefully examined and studied by the research team during the day. The researchers also collected blood samples for genetic analysis and vshili under the skin of the animal microchip for identification and monitoring them. Then they returned to the forest lemur.

The animal has large hands and feet to climb trees well, and a long tongue to extract the nectar, which is its main food. New lemur also has a special structure of the teeth to remove the bark from the trees to get to the delicious glue.

"This is yet another remarkable discovery on the island of Madagascar, the most populous area of biological diversity in the world and one of the most extraordinary places on the planet" - said Mittermeier. "It is particularly remarkable that we continue to find new species of lemurs and many other plants and animals in this densely populated country, which has already lost 90 percent or more of its original vegetation. "

Original: LiveScience Translation: M. Potter


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