Discovered a new kind of African Wolf


03/02/2011

Scientists studying genetic confirmation, have discovered a new type of wolf that lives in Africa. Researchers have proved that the mysterious animal known as the ’Egyptian jackal’, which is often confused with the golden jackal, is a subspecies of jackal, and a subspecies of the gray wolf.

The joint opening, the research team from Wildlife Conservation Society (WildCRU) at Oxford University, the University of Oslo and the University of Addis Ababa shows that gray wolves appeared in Africa about 3 million years ago, before they spread across the northern hemisphere. The wolf is a relative of the new species of Holarctic gray wolf, the Indian wolf and the Himalayan wolf. Information about studies appear this week in the journal PLoS One.

Professor David MacDonald (David Macdonald), the author of the research paper and director of the company WildCRU, said: "The opening of the new wolf in Africa was not the only big news organizations to preserve species, but also a fascinating biological questions about how the new African wolf evolved form and not only lived close to these golden jackals but also a rare type of Ethiopian wolves, which is very diverse and that one should not confuse a new discovery. "

Professor Claudio Sillery (Claudio Sillero), an employee of society WildCRU, who has worked in Ethiopia for more than two decades, said: "This discovery contributes to our understanding of biogeography Afroalpiyskoy fauna species meeting with the African and the Eurasian origin that has developed in a relatively isolated area Plateau Horn of Africa. Rare Ethiopian wolves, were the latest immigrants to Africa, and broke away from the gray wolf species complex even earlier than the newly discovered African wolf. "

Dr. Eli Ryuness (Eli Rueness) from the University of Oslo, senior author of the paper, said: "We hardly believe our own eyes when we found wolf DNA that did not match any of the samples in the database GenBank".

Professor NilsStenset (Nils Chr. Stenseth) from the Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis (CEES) said: "This study shows the power of modern genetic methods, which means that long-standing mystery can be unraveled."

A group of scientists also found examples of genetically similar to this new wolf in the highlands of Ethiopia, 2,500 km from Egypt, highlighting the fact that the new form has not been found in Egypt.

Professor Eyfuork Beckel (Afework Bekele) of the University of Addis Ababa said: "It shows how genetic techniques may uncover unknown biodiversity in a relatively unexplored country like Ethiopia."

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature Golden jackals are not considered species, endangered, rather "kind that cause the least disturbance." But the newly discovered African wolf may be more rare species. A group of scientists believes a higher priority for the conservation of society, and for science, positioning and number of animals.

Professor Siller said in conclusion: "It seems that the Egyptian jackal immediately be renamed, and its unique status as the only representative of the type of the gray wolf complex in Africa requires rename it to ’the African wolf.’"

Original: Sciencedaily Translation: M. Potter


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