Mysterious animals Solomon Islands


19/02/2011

When dusk covered the Solomon Islands, cacophonous croaking begins to grow, rising from the ground of the forest. The noise comes from a small Solomon’s Horned Frogs, amphibian animal that is unique to the islands.

"This strange chorus dominates the sounds of the forest, which can be heard in the early evening" - says Christopher Filardi (Christopher Filardi), Tihokeanskoy Program Director at the Center for Biodiversity and Conservation at the American Museum of Natural History. Filardi and his graduate student Patrick Pikachu (Patrick Pikacha) found a frog in this special reserve of biodiversity on the Island of Kolombangara Members of the Solomon Islands, where Filardi, an evolutionary biologist, explores the variety of birds and biodiversity.

"Kolombangara biodiversity reserve is the largest protected area in the region" - Filardi said, adding that the reserve of this field, "head of the people who lived there for hundreds of generations."

Status of the protected reserve provides a home for animals like the color of the horned frog, which in addition to green also appears in white, purple and brown variations. Very little is known about the cause of the diversity of colors, or even the method of reproduction of animals, but what is known about the elusive form quite intriguing.

They belong to a group of frogs platymantine, living all over the place in the Solomon Islands. Frogs Patymantine are rare amphibian animals that develop directly from the egg to frog without having to enter the tadpole stage.

Observations of how these frogs and other wildlife species found in the reserve, interact and evolve, allowing the researchers to explore "how the interaction between life history, ecology and geography affect the development and maintenance of biodiversity, as well as the beginning of a new life" - says Filardi .

Filardi, whose study was partly funded by the National Science Foundation recently wrote a blog about my research in the Solomon Islands in the publication of The New York Times, "Scientist at Work". Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Original: LiveScience Translation: M. Potter


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