UN on Thursday expressed its concern about the huge reduction of bee colonies due to the many onsets of pests and pollution. Representatives of the world body said that the problem needs to be addressed by international efforts aimed at conserving pollinators are needed for planting food crops.
Most of reducing the number of insects, varies in the range 85 per cent in some areas, is in the industrialized northern hemisphere due to more than a dozen indicators, according to agency UN Environment. Some of these factors are pesticides, air pollution, lethal parasites that are bad for the bee species only in the northern hemisphere, mismanagement of the countryside, the decline of flowering plants and reduce the number of beekeepers in Europe.
"The way humanity manages or does not manage its natural foundations, including pollinators, in part define our collective future in the 21st century" - said the executive director of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Eychim Steyner (Achim Steiner).
"The fact is that out of the 100 crops that provide 90 percent of the food in the world, more than 70 pollinated by bees" - he added.
The reduction of the colony of honey bees in recent years, according to the scientist pitter Newman (Peter Neumann), one of the authors of the UN report, has reached 10-30 percent in Europe, 30 percent in the United States, up to 85 per cent in the Middle East. But in South America, Africa and Australia are no reports of high reductions of insects was not.
"This is a very difficult task. There are lots of interactive performance and one country, of course, can not solve this problem. We need international network, global methods" - said Newman, a member of the Research Center of bee Swiss government. Some four decades later, the mechanisms that have been reinforced in the late 1990s, are not clear and effective. UNEP staff members are calling for a series of solutions to the problem were included managing the countryside and conservation.
"The bees will be heading in the story" - told the representative of UNEP Nick Nuttall (Nick Nuttall). "In a sense, they are - an indicator of the big changes that are taking place in rural areas, and urban environments, but in terms of natural conditions they can continue to provide their services, as they have thousands or millions of years by an acute change in the environment" - he added.
According to the materials Greenrussia M. Potter