A small plant that stoops down to the ground to plant their seeds, it was recently discovered by scientists in the village of north-eastern region of the State of Bahia in Brazil, one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world.
Fragile plant height no more than an inch (about 25 cm), with pink and white flowers growing in the backyard of a local plant collector and amateur botanist, Alex Popovkin (Alex Popovkin), when it suddenly caught the attention of the master, performing various jobs around the house Popovkina, Jose Carlos Mendes Santos. Once the plant has been transplanted and placed on a windowsill, Santos took some photos flower and put them on the network.
Thus, several experts on the classification of plants could help identify his family, and the family, and one Brazilian botanist suggested that the plant could be an example of a new species. Scientists from the University of Rutgers, the State University of Feira de Santana in Bahia, and Western Carolina University conducted a joint study to accurately confirm that the plant actually belongs to a new species.
"Every time we are confident that discovered and described most plant species existing in the world, but it is opening once again shows that there is still a mass of nameless plants, which still has not been found and identified," - said in a statement Lena The Jets (Lena Struwe), a specialist in plants of the Loganiacea from Rutgers University. The Jets collaborated with Santos and Popovkin to identify the kind of plant, Spigelia.
The researchers found only a few tiny plants in the garden Popovkina in the first year. The plants died during the dry season and appeared again in the same places but with the advent of the rainy season. This was attributed to the unique way a sign of the spread of fruit plants through the introduction of the ovary into the soil characteristics are known botanically as geokarpiya.
When the fruit is mature plants, it slowly bends its small branch with fruit down gently putting their seed capsules on the ground and sometimes burying them in the soft surface of the moss. Geokarpiya, which is also practiced and peanuts, provides assurance that the seeds vzrastut and turn into adult plants around the mother plant for the next season.
Because of the mobility plants, the researchers decided to call a new kind of Spigelia genuflexa. The new look of the plant has been described in detail in this week’s Journal of the classification "PhytoKeys".
Original: LiveScience Translation: M. Potter