West African black rhino declared extinct


13/11/2011

In West Africa, there are no more black rhinos, according to a recent global assessment of species under threat of extinction. Red List, compiled by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), has become an indisputable proof that such sub-species of animals no longer exists. White rhino, living in central Africa, also listed as a possible extinct subspecies, as reported by the organization. Update the Red List, which is held every year, this time it was noted as ever more species under threat of extinction.

The organization IUCN reported that, despite the measures taken for the protection of animals, 25 percent of mammals in the world are at risk of extinction. As one of the last stages of its work, the organization for the protection of animals restated several groups of rhinos. Along with the disappearance of the subspecies of the western black rhino (Diceros bicornis longipes), the organization noted that the subspecies of the northern white rhino (Ceratotherium simum cottoni), inhabiting in central Africa, is also on the verge of extinction.

Last Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus), as experts suggest, too, disappeared. The total number of black and white rhinos have recently increased significantly, but some subspecies belong to a group of animals is particularly vulnerable, since they are constantly hunted by poachers who want to profitably sell animal’s horn, which is of particular value.

Stuart Simon (Simon Stuart), head of the organization IUCN informed the agency BBC News the following: "In an unfortunate coincidence, these animals lived there, where we simply could not provide them with the necessary security. To highly secure this species, we need to think of a rhinoceros golden horn, and only then, perhaps, we will be able to understand their true value. "

Another disturbing line in this year’s list is the island of Madagascar and reptiles that live on it. According to the organization IUCN, 40 percent of terrestrial reptiles are threatened with extinction. But it is also reported that the specialists have identified new areas for the protection of animals. This will help protect posed a threat to species including Tarzan’s chameleon (Tarzan Calumma) and speckled zmeeyascheritsu (Paracontias fasika).

There is also good news, noted during the last annual update - a "resurrection" of the form Prozhivalsky horse (Equus ferus). Despite the fact that these animals were in the list of extinct species in 1996, he was again given life thanks to the program, which provides stock-breeding, and now has a population of animals suspected of more than 300 individuals.

Among the partners who participated in the studies that were needed to update the Red List, released Zoological Society of London (ZSL). Dr Monika Boehm (Monika Boehm) of the Zoological Society said: "This Red List update shows us what is really going on with all kinds of animals in the world. There is a bit of good news, but there is bad news. Unfortunately, in general terms, Yet it is worth noting a significant decline observed in the Biological Diversity. We have yet to see a successful outcome of the measures taken by us to protect wildlife. "

Original: BBC Translation: M. Potter


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