Scientists from Japan and Russia believe it is feasible the idea of cloning a mammoth, if they can find a well-preserved bone marrow in the femur bone fragments recovered from permafrost soil in Siberia, about the researchers reported on Saturday.
A group of scientists from the Sakha Republic mammoth museum in Yakutia and Kinki University in Japan have decided next year to jointly organize the study to be re-creation of the giant mammal, the correspondent of news agency Kyodo News of Japan from Irkutsk, Russia.
By replacing an elephant egg cell nucleus that will be extracted from the cells of the bone marrow of a mammoth, it will be possible to create the embryo of a mammoth DNA, the agency Kyodo News, citing information researchers.
Scientists then place the embryo in the uterus of female elephant for gestation, as both species are close relatives, as passed in the message. Reliable protection of the nucleus with an intact genome is vital for the implementation of the method of transplanting the nucleus, as the researchers note.
For scientists involved in the study from the 1990s, the discovery of the nucleus with undamaged mammoth genes has been a grand discovery.
As is well known mammoth - a genus of extinct about 10,000 years ago, mammals, elephant’s family (Elephantidae) and a detachment of Proboscidea (Proboscidea). Researchers in August of this year, found fragments of the thigh bone of a mammoth with a well-preserved bone marrow in it. The remains of the huge mammal were unearthed during the excavations carried out in the area of the village Batagai, northern Yakutia. Now, if researchers can successfully extract of samples required for their genetic material, then, as stated by Japanese scientists, the idea of cloning a mammoth this will become a reality. The technology, which the researchers intend to use in the project, was developed before a group of Japanese scientists State Institute of Natural Sciences in Kobe and, as shown by a number of experiments have demonstrated its effectiveness. In particular, in 2008, scientists were able to clone a mouse so who died 16 years before the experiment.