Up until recently, most scientists specializing in the study of Neanderthals, believed that they were strangers who had sought refuge in the caves only in case of bad weather. But finding a home foundation, built by Neanderthals about 44,000 years ago, has put this theory into question. The discovery was made by a team of French archaeologists from the National Museum of Natural History, in an area that is studied since 1984. As it turned out, the house was built from the bones of a mammoth. Discovery of the team will be published in the scientific journal Quaternary International.
Received over the last decade new information regarding the Neanderthals, who are the ancestors of man, extinct about 30,000 years ago, sheds light on new facts that run counter to previous theories. Neanderthals were not so clumsy and stupid, as it is present. There is evidence of food preparation, burial of the dead, making jewelry, and even the presence of speech, pointing to the fact that our opinion of them was too low. With the opening of the house of Neanderthals, it became clear that they were far more intelligent than we could imagine.
The house consists of two parts. The lower part or foundation, was assembled from the large mammoth bones and was designed to support the entire structure. Width of the house is nearly 8 meters. The bones appear to be extracted from both the animal died of natural causes, as well as by direct hunting mammoths. Have built this structure Neanderthals lived in it for some time, as indicated by 25 centers inside. Scientists believe that the house was covered with wood or other material that could find builders.
This house was discovered in the east of Ukraine, near the town of Molodova. In this area there was a shortage of trees, so Neanderthals, who created the structure, have demonstrated the ability to adapt to adverse conditions of life, eating meat mammoth bones and using it as a building material. This indicates that Neanderthals were able to live and work groups in the community.
Of even greater interest is the fact that some of the bones were detected decorative carvings and pigments, which indicates that it was just a house.