The results of a study conducted by Oxford scientists have shown that higher animals are able to experience a variety of emotions. Animals such as chimpanzees, rats, dogs and cats can decide for themselves what they have - good or bad.
Mark Rowlands, who led the study, said that because of the presence of animals of morality number of commitments to the people increases significantly smaller brothers. However, many scientists do not agree with the point of view of Rowlands. In their view, the fact that for many mammals is characterized by a complex behavior, does not prove the existence of the animals moral principles that affect their behavior.
During his study, experts from Oxford found that the animals are able to feel anger in violation of social norms. For example, chimpanzees punished his brethren who have violated the rules of conduct in the group. A male sinesheek punish females caught on treason.
Experiments have shown that animals versed in the concept of good and bad, moral and immoral in their conduct and try to guide the complex moral principles. For example, when the researchers asked macaques delicious food in exchange for their brethren to subject an electric shock, the animals decide to save their own kind, having lost with goodies.
However, some scientists believe that such behavior is not evidence of the existence of moral principles in animals, but only instinct prevailing in certain circumstances. In any case, both alone, and another theory needs to be confirmed, so that scientists do not intend to dwell on these results and are going to continue to explore abilities of animals.